Banteng (Bos javanicus)

Herd of banteng, Malua Forest Reserve, Sabah, Malaysia(Sabah Wildlife Department/DGFC/IZW)


  1. Timmins, R.J., Duckworth, J.W., Hedges, S., Steinmetz, R. & Pattanavibool, A. 2008. Bos javanicus. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2010.1. Downloaded on 8th June 2010.
  2. The ecological separation of gaur (Bos gaurus) and banteng (Bos javanicus) in Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary, Thailand. T Prayurasiddhi — Unpublished PhD thesis, University of Minnesota, 1997
  3. Grzimek, B. 1990. Grzimek's Encyclopedia of Mammals. McGraw-Hill, New York, USA.
  4. Corbet, G. B. and Hill, J. E. 1992. Mammals of the Indo-Malayan Region: A Systematic Review. Oxford University Press, Oxford, UK.
  5. Hoogerwerf, A. 1970. Udjung Kulon. The Land of the Last Javan Rhinoceros. E. J. Brill, Leiden, The Netherlands.
  6. Hedges, S. 1996. Proposal for inclusion of Banteng (Bos javanicus) in CITES Appendix I. Proposal prepared for the IUCN/SSC Asian Wild Cattle Specialist Group, the IUCN/SSC Wildlife Trade Programme, and the Thai Government.
  7. Ashby, K.R., Santiapillai, C. 1986. An assessment of the status of the banteng (Bos javanicus) with particular reference to its interaction with the water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Tigerpaper 13: 10-20.
  8. Srikosamatara S., Suteethorn V. 1995. Populations of gaur and banteng and their management in Thailand. Nat. Hist. Bull. Siam Soc. 43: 55-83.
  9. Pudyatmoko S. 2004. Does the banteng (Bos javanicus) have a future in Java? Challenges of the conservation of a large herbivore in a densely populated island. Abstract presentation to the 3rd IUCN Wold Conservation Congress, Bangkok, Thailand.