Gaur (Bos gaurus)

Captive sub-adult male gaur, Mysore Zoo, India, 2006 (Farshid S. Ahrestani)

Behaviour and ecology

The gaur is primarily a grazer, but does browze too. It will also eat leaves, fruits, twigs, bark, dry grass and bamboo. Their diet is thought to contain up to 190 plant species. In captivity, Gaur can consume up to 20kg of plant matter every day.10 Generally social groups will consist of females and juveniles; large groups when they occur appear to temporary with male bulls primarily associating with the cows during rutting season.1 Rutting males will typically ‘sing’ which includes loud bellows which fluctuate in pitch which can be heard for up to 1.5km.8

Additional information

•  IUCN Red List report

•  UltimateUngulate page

•  ARKive page

•  Wikipedia page