Saola (Pseudoryx nghetinhensis)

Captive Saola, Vietnam (William Robichaud)


  1. Timmins, R. J., Robichaud, W. G., Long, B., Hedges, S., Steinmetz, R., Abramov, A., Do Tuoc, Mallon, D. P., 2008. Pseudoryx nghetinhensis. In: IUCN 2010. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species [online]. Available from: [Accessed 25 September 2010].
  2. Dung, V. V., P. M. Giao, N. C. Chinh, D. Tuoc, and J. MacKinnon. 1994. Discovery and conservation of the Vu Quang ox in Vietnam. Oryx 28(1): 16–21.
  3. Dung, V. V., P. M. Giao, N. N. Chinh, D. Tuoc, and J. MacKinnon. 1993. A new species of living bovid from Vietnam. Nature 363: 443–445.
  4. Robichaud, W. G. 1998.  Physical and behavioral description of a captive saola, Pseudoryxnghetinhensis. Journal of Mammalogy 79(2): 394–405.
  5. Schaller, G., and A. Rabinowitz. 1994. The saola or spindlehorn bovid Pseudoryx nghetinhensis in Laos. Oryx 29: 107–114.
  6. Hardcastle, J., Cox, S., Nguyen Thi Dao, Grieser Johns, A. (eds). 2004. Rediscovering the Saola. Proceedings of «Rediscovering the Saola — A Status Review and Planning Workshop», WWF Indochina Programme, Hanoi, Vietnam.